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Developers

Understand

Build on

Tap into

what's happening.

Publish and analyze Tweets, optimize ads, and create unique customer experiences.

Stay informed about updates to the Twitter developer platform

Use cases

Advertise

Programmatically create and manage Twitter ad campaigns.

Publish and curate

Tell great stories with Twitter content.

Analyze

Evaluate Twitter data to inform business decisions.

Engage

Create connections with conversational experiences.

Top endpoints

Below are a few examples of our Twitter API endpoints, requests, and responses. These examples use twurl—a command-line application that can be used to make authenticated requests to the Twitter platform. twurl is like curl, except that it abstracts away OAuth details once you configure it with your keys.

  • Search API
  • Ads API
  • Engagement API
  • Direct Message API
  • Account Activity API
  • Embed a Tweet

Search Tweets published in the last 7 days.

# Request Tweets from last 7 days
# Search query: from:Nasa OR #nasa

twurl "/1.1/search/tweets.json?q=from%3ANasa%20OR%20%23nasa"

# Response, an array of Tweet JSON:

{
  "statuses": [
    {
      "created_at": "Wed Apr 12 04:53:25 +0000 2017",
      "id": 852021818290352129,
      "id_str": "852021818290352129",
      "text": "Watch NASA's first 4K broadcast from space on April 26th - Engadget https:\/\/t.co\/EfwAYeJpjF",
      "truncated": false,
      "entities": {
        "hashtags": [
          
        ],
        "symbols": [
          
        ],
        "user_mentions": [
          
        ],
        "urls": [
          {
            "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/EfwAYeJpjF",
            "expanded_url": "http:\/\/ift.tt\/2orifBN",
            "display_url": "ift.tt\/2orifBN",
            "indices": [
              68,
              91
            ]
          }
        ]
      },
      "metadata": {
        "iso_language_code": "en",
        "result_type": "recent"
      },
      "source": "<a href=\"https:\/\/ifttt.com\" rel=\"nofollow\">IFTTT<\/a>",
      "in_reply_to_status_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_status_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_screen_name": null,
      "user": {
        "id": 622857704,
        "id_str": "622857704",
        "name": "Crucial-Tech",
        "screen_name": "crucial_tech",
        "location": "Worldwide",
        "description": "Technology News | Stories | Solutions | Workarounds | Gadgets",
        "url": null,
        "entities": {
          "description": {
            "urls": [
              
            ]
          }
        },
        "protected": false,
        "followers_count": 1917,
        "friends_count": 841,
        "listed_count": 513,
        "created_at": "Sat Jun 30 14:28:07 +0000 2012",
        "favourites_count": 33,
        "utc_offset": -14400,
        "time_zone": "Eastern Time (US & Canada)",
        "geo_enabled": true,
        "verified": false,
        "statuses_count": 559097,
        "lang": "en",
        "contributors_enabled": false,
        "is_translator": false,
        "is_translation_enabled": false,
        "profile_background_color": "131516",
        "profile_background_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/530442443057942528\/jgQgrriz.jpeg",
        "profile_background_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/530442443057942528\/jgQgrriz.jpeg",
        "profile_background_tile": true,
        "profile_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/810537113288482816\/AL7srBp3_normal.jpg",
        "profile_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/810537113288482816\/AL7srBp3_normal.jpg",
        "profile_banner_url": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_banners\/622857704\/1415224702",
        "profile_link_color": "3B94D9",
        "profile_sidebar_border_color": "000000",
        "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "000000",
        "profile_text_color": "000000",
        "profile_use_background_image": true,
        "has_extended_profile": false,
        "default_profile": false,
        "default_profile_image": false,
        "following": false,
        "follow_request_sent": false,
        "notifications": false,
        "translator_type": "none"
      },
      "geo": null,
      "coordinates": null,
      "place": null,
      "contributors": null,
      "is_quote_status": false,
      "retweet_count": 0,
      "favorite_count": 0,
      "favorited": false,
      "retweeted": false,
      "possibly_sensitive": false,
      "lang": "en"
    },
    {
      "created_at": "Wed Apr 12 04:53:08 +0000 2017",
      "id": 8.5202174412671e+17,
      "id_str": "852021744126705664",
      "text": "RT @TechCrunch: NASA and Amazon will stream from space in 4K for the first time on April 26 https:\/\/t.co\/KWMfvRg1Hs",
      "truncated": false,
      "entities": {
        "hashtags": [
          
        ],
        "symbols": [
          
        ],
        "user_mentions": [
          {
            "screen_name": "TechCrunch",
            "name": "TechCrunch",
            "id": 816653,
            "id_str": "816653",
            "indices": [
              3,
              14
            ]
          }
        ],
        "urls": [
          {
            "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/KWMfvRg1Hs",
            "expanded_url": "http:\/\/tcrn.ch\/2nB1aGU",
            "display_url": "tcrn.ch\/2nB1aGU",
            "indices": [
              92,
              115
            ]
          }
        ]
      },
      "metadata": {
        "iso_language_code": "en",
        "result_type": "recent"
      },
      "source": "<a href=\"http:\/\/twitter.com\/download\/iphone\" rel=\"nofollow\">Twitter for iPhone<\/a>",
      "in_reply_to_status_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_status_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_screen_name": null,
      "user": {
        "id": 18961853,
        "id_str": "18961853",
        "name": "Hongik Kim",
        "screen_name": "nottora2",
        "location": "Seoul, Korea",
        "description": "",
        "url": "http:\/\/t.co\/WpOh7jvYit",
        "entities": {
          "url": {
            "urls": [
              {
                "url": "http:\/\/t.co\/WpOh7jvYit",
                "expanded_url": "http:\/\/sttora2.net",
                "display_url": "sttora2.net",
                "indices": [
                  0,
                  22
                ]
              }
            ]
          },
          "description": {
            "urls": [
              
            ]
          }
        },
        "protected": false,
        "followers_count": 713,
        "friends_count": 232,
        "listed_count": 255,
        "created_at": "Wed Jan 14 01:17:32 +0000 2009",
        "favourites_count": 14,
        "utc_offset": -36000,
        "time_zone": "Hawaii",
        "geo_enabled": true,
        "verified": false,
        "statuses_count": 45276,
        "lang": "en",
        "contributors_enabled": false,
        "is_translator": false,
        "is_translation_enabled": false,
        "profile_background_color": "1A1B1F",
        "profile_background_image_url": "http:\/\/abs.twimg.com\/images\/themes\/theme9\/bg.gif",
        "profile_background_image_url_https": "https:\/\/abs.twimg.com\/images\/themes\/theme9\/bg.gif",
        "profile_background_tile": false,
        "profile_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/420186574\/0001_normal.jpg",
        "profile_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/420186574\/0001_normal.jpg",
        "profile_link_color": "2FC2EF",
        "profile_sidebar_border_color": "181A1E",
        "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "252429",
        "profile_text_color": "666666",
        "profile_use_background_image": true,
        "has_extended_profile": false,
        "default_profile": false,
        "default_profile_image": false,
        "following": false,
        "follow_request_sent": false,
        "notifications": false,
        "translator_type": "none"
      },
      "geo": null,
      "coordinates": null,
      "place": null,
      "contributors": null,
      "retweeted_status": {
        "created_at": "Wed Apr 12 01:48:02 +0000 2017",
        "id": 8.5197516353722e+17,
        "id_str": "851975163537219585",
        "text": "NASA and Amazon will stream from space in 4K for the first time on April 26 https:\/\/t.co\/KWMfvRg1Hs",
        "truncated": false,
        "entities": {
          "hashtags": [
            
          ],
          "symbols": [
            
          ],
          "user_mentions": [
            
          ],
          "urls": [
            {
              "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/KWMfvRg1Hs",
              "expanded_url": "http:\/\/tcrn.ch\/2nB1aGU",
              "display_url": "tcrn.ch\/2nB1aGU",
              "indices": [
                76,
                99
              ]
            }
          ]
        },
        "metadata": {
          "iso_language_code": "en",
          "result_type": "recent"
        },
        "source": "<a href=\"http:\/\/www.socialflow.com\" rel=\"nofollow\">SocialFlow<\/a>",
        "in_reply_to_status_id": null,
        "in_reply_to_status_id_str": null,
        "in_reply_to_user_id": null,
        "in_reply_to_user_id_str": null,
        "in_reply_to_screen_name": null,
        "user": {
          "id": 816653,
          "id_str": "816653",
          "name": "TechCrunch",
          "screen_name": "TechCrunch",
          "location": "San Francisco, CA",
          "description": "Breaking technology news, analysis, and opinions from TechCrunch. The number one guide for all things tech. Got a tip? Let us know tips@techcrunch.com",
          "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/b5Oyx12qGG",
          "entities": {
            "url": {
              "urls": [
                {
                  "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/b5Oyx12qGG",
                  "expanded_url": null,
                  "indices": [
                    0,
                    23
                  ]
                }
              ]
            },
            "description": {
              "urls": [
                
              ]
            }
          },
          "protected": false,
          "followers_count": 8841742,
          "friends_count": 900,
          "listed_count": 108869,
          "created_at": "Wed Mar 07 01:27:09 +0000 2007",
          "favourites_count": 1911,
          "utc_offset": -25200,
          "time_zone": "Pacific Time (US & Canada)",
          "geo_enabled": true,
          "verified": true,
          "statuses_count": 153722,
          "lang": "en",
          "contributors_enabled": false,
          "is_translator": false,
          "is_translation_enabled": true,
          "profile_background_color": "149500",
          "profile_background_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/621096023751004161\/BAKy7hCT.png",
          "profile_background_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/621096023751004161\/BAKy7hCT.png",
          "profile_background_tile": false,
          "profile_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/615392662233808896\/EtxjSSKk_normal.jpg",
          "profile_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/615392662233808896\/EtxjSSKk_normal.jpg",
          "profile_banner_url": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_banners\/816653\/1490894597",
          "profile_link_color": "097000",
          "profile_sidebar_border_color": "FFFFFF",
          "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "DDFFCC",
          "profile_text_color": "222222",
          "profile_use_background_image": true,
          "has_extended_profile": false,
          "default_profile": false,
          "default_profile_image": false,
          "following": false,
          "follow_request_sent": false,
          "notifications": false,
          "translator_type": "none"
        },
        "geo": null,
        "coordinates": null,
        "place": null,
        "contributors": null,
        "is_quote_status": false,
        "retweet_count": 132,
        "favorite_count": 156,
        "favorited": false,
        "retweeted": false,
        "possibly_sensitive": false,
        "lang": "en"
      },
      "is_quote_status": false,
      "retweet_count": 132,
      "favorite_count": 0,
      "favorited": false,
      "retweeted": false,
      "possibly_sensitive": false,
      "lang": "en"
    },
    {
      "created_at": "Wed Apr 12 04:52:50 +0000 2017",
      "id": 8.5202166885153e+17,
      "id_str": "852021668851531776",
      "text": "RT @snowdenka: cool down\nturnin' up\nforever\nreal\nthe life\ni love to love you\nuntitled (based from bret's story)\n\neto yung alam natin na nas\u2026",
      "truncated": false,
      "entities": {
        "hashtags": [
          
        ],
        "symbols": [
          
        ],
        "user_mentions": [
          {
            "screen_name": "snowdenka",
            "name": "\u2744 Macy \u270b\ud83d\udca4\u2728",
            "id": 2330241865,
            "id_str": "2330241865",
            "indices": [
              3,
              13
            ]
          }
        ],
        "urls": [
          
        ]
      },
      "metadata": {
        "iso_language_code": "en",
        "result_type": "recent"
      },
      "source": "<a href=\"http:\/\/twitter.com\/download\/android\" rel=\"nofollow\">Twitter for Android<\/a>",
      "in_reply_to_status_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_status_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id": null,
      "in_reply_to_user_id_str": null,
      "in_reply_to_screen_name": null,
      "user": {
        "id": 2433542798,
        "id_str": "2433542798",
        "name": "\u256e(\u2500\u25bd\u2500)\u256d",
        "screen_name": "hallowjayn",
        "location": "shyschai",
        "description": "I can tweet whatever I want. It's my twitter.",
        "url": null,
        "entities": {
          "description": {
            "urls": [
              
            ]
          }
        },
        "protected": false,
        "followers_count": 697,
        "friends_count": 217,
        "listed_count": 7,
        "created_at": "Tue Apr 08 12:29:46 +0000 2014",
        "favourites_count": 6775,
        "utc_offset": -25200,
        "time_zone": "Pacific Time (US & Canada)",
        "geo_enabled": true,
        "verified": false,
        "statuses_count": 37632,
        "lang": "en",
        "contributors_enabled": false,
        "is_translator": false,
        "is_translation_enabled": false,
        "profile_background_color": "89C9FA",
        "profile_background_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/618681903441252352\/rjLy48Ga.jpg",
        "profile_background_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_background_images\/618681903441252352\/rjLy48Ga.jpg",
        "profile_background_tile": true,
        "profile_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/851045496906854400\/z1iIPlRm_normal.jpg",
        "profile_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/851045496906854400\/z1iIPlRm_normal.jpg",
        "profile_banner_url": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_banners\/2433542798\/1491546365",
        "profile_link_color": "9266CC",
        "profile_sidebar_border_color": "5ED4DC",
        "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "95E8EC",
        "profile_text_color": "3C3940",
        "profile_use_background_image": true,
        "has_extended_profile": true,
        "default_profile": false,
        "default_profile_image": false,
        "following": false,
        "follow_request_sent": false,
        "notifications": false,
        "translator_type": "none"
      },
      "geo": null,
      "coordinates": null,
      "place": null,
      "contributors": null,
      "retweeted_status": {
        "created_at": "Tue Apr 11 15:16:25 +0000 2017",
        "id": 8.5181621006066e+17,
        "id_str": "851816210060660737",
        "text": "cool down\nturnin' up\nforever\nreal\nthe life\ni love to love you\nuntitled (based from bret's story)\n\neto yung alam natin na nasa palm dreams.",
        "truncated": false,
        "entities": {
          "hashtags": [
            
          ],
          "symbols": [
            
          ],
          "user_mentions": [
            
          ],
          "urls": [
            
          ]
        },
        "metadata": {
          "iso_language_code": "en",
          "result_type": "recent"
        },
        "source": "<a href=\"http:\/\/twitter.com\/download\/android\" rel=\"nofollow\">Twitter for Android<\/a>",
        "in_reply_to_status_id": null,
        "in_reply_to_status_id_str": null,
        "in_reply_to_user_id": null,
        "in_reply_to_user_id_str": null,
        "in_reply_to_screen_name": null,
        "user": {
          "id": 2330241865,
          "id_str": "2330241865",
          "name": "\u2744 Macy \u270b\ud83d\udca4\u2728",
          "screen_name": "snowdenka",
          "location": "",
          "description": "JaDine, Harry Potter, JPop, Anime | fangirling. fanworks. random thoughts. kalokohan. whinings about life | IG: jadinex \u2022 YT: JaDinex \u2022 WP: kooridenka",
          "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/UqnYe2vdrc",
          "entities": {
            "url": {
              "urls": [
                {
                  "url": "https:\/\/t.co\/UqnYe2vdrc",
                  "expanded_url": "http:\/\/jadinex.livejournal.com",
                  "display_url": "jadinex.livejournal.com",
                  "indices": [
                    0,
                    23
                  ]
                }
              ]
            },
            "description": {
              "urls": [
                
              ]
            }
          },
          "protected": false,
          "followers_count": 2962,
          "friends_count": 244,
          "listed_count": 34,
          "created_at": "Thu Feb 06 12:41:08 +0000 2014",
          "favourites_count": 39812,
          "utc_offset": -25200,
          "time_zone": "Pacific Time (US & Canada)",
          "geo_enabled": false,
          "verified": false,
          "statuses_count": 102431,
          "lang": "en",
          "contributors_enabled": false,
          "is_translator": false,
          "is_translation_enabled": false,
          "profile_background_color": "000000",
          "profile_background_image_url": "http:\/\/abs.twimg.com\/images\/themes\/theme1\/bg.png",
          "profile_background_image_url_https": "https:\/\/abs.twimg.com\/images\/themes\/theme1\/bg.png",
          "profile_background_tile": false,
          "profile_image_url": "http:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/845930850210361344\/fgHcvMFy_normal.jpg",
          "profile_image_url_https": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_images\/845930850210361344\/fgHcvMFy_normal.jpg",
          "profile_banner_url": "https:\/\/pbs.twimg.com\/profile_banners\/2330241865\/1491408790",
          "profile_link_color": "DD2E44",
          "profile_sidebar_border_color": "000000",
          "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "000000",
          "profile_text_color": "000000",
          "profile_use_background_image": false,
          "has_extended_profile": true,
          "default_profile": false,
          "default_profile_image": false,
          "following": false,
          "follow_request_sent": false,
          "notifications": false,
          "translator_type": "none"
        },
        "geo": null,
        "coordinates": null,
        "place": null,
        "contributors": null,
        "is_quote_status": false,
        "retweet_count": 61,
        "favorite_count": 70,
        "favorited": false,
        "retweeted": false,
        "lang": "en"
      },
      "is_quote_status": false,
      "retweet_count": 61,
      "favorite_count": 0,
      "favorited": false,
      "retweeted": false,
      "lang": "en"
    }
  ],
  "search_metadata": {
    "completed_in": 0.034,
    "max_id": 8.5202181829035e+17,
    "max_id_str": "852021818290352129",
    "query": "from%253ANasa%2520OR%2520%2523nasa",
    "refresh_url": "?since_id=852021818290352129&q=from%253ANasa%2520OR%2520%2523nasa&include_entities=1",
    "count": 15,
    "since_id": 0,
    "since_id_str": "0"
  }
}

Create a new Twitter Ads campaign.

# Create a new Campaign:

twurl -H ads-api.twitter.com -X POST "/2/accounts/hkk5/campaigns?funding_instrument_id=hw6ie&total_budget_amount_local_micro=5500000&daily_budget_amount_local_micro=500000&start_time=2013-01-01T00:00:01Z&entity_status=PAUSED&name=Launch"

"data": {
    "name": "Launch",
    "start_time": "2013-01-01T00:00:01Z",
    "reasons_not_servable": [
      "PAUSED_BY_ADVERTISER",
      "INCOMPLETE"
    ],
    "servable": false,
    "daily_budget_amount_local_micro": 500000,
    "end_time": null,
    "funding_instrument_id": "hw6ie",
    "duration_in_days": null,
    "standard_delivery": true,
    "total_budget_amount_local_micro": 5500000,
    "id": "9bo81",
    "entity_status": "PAUSED",
    "account_id": "hkk5",
    "frequency_cap": null,
    "currency": "USD",
    "created_at": "2017-08-21T23:01:20Z",
    "updated_at": "2017-08-21T23:01:20Z",
    "deleted": false
  }

Get Tweet engagement metrics. 

 

Engagement API requests take an array of Tweet IDs, an array of engagement types, and a simple description of how you want the output arranged. 

 

# There are three Engagement API endpoints: /totals, /28hr, and /historical. 
# Here we will be hitting the /totals endpoint, which returns total engagement metrics for Tweets posted within 90 days. 
# The /totals endpoint provides 5 engagement types, while the other two endpoint provide 16. 
# API endpoint: https://data-api.twitter.com/insights/engagement/totals

# Request total Engagements for a list of Tweets (up to 250 per request) posted within 90-days.

twurl -H data-api.twitter.com -X POST "/insights/engagement/totals" -A "Content-Type: application/json"
 -d '{
  "tweet_ids": [
    "907022936564838401",
    "902731270274166784",
    "902301386880286721"
  ],
  "engagement_types": [
    "impressions",
    "engagements",
    "favorites"
  ],
  "groupings": {
    "Tweet metrics": {
      "group_by": [
        "tweet.id",
        "engagement.type"
      ]
    }
  }
}'

Here is the response from that request:

{
  "Tweet metrics": {
    "902301386880286721": {
      "engagements": "433",
      "favorites": "21",
      "impressions": "72218"
    },
    "902731270274166784": {
      "engagements": "61",
      "favorites": "27",
      "impressions": "7827"
    },
    "907022936564838401": {
      "engagements": "187",
      "favorites": "37",
      "impressions": "1916"
    }
  }
}

Send a Direct Message.

twurl -H api.twitter.com -A "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST "/1.1/direct_messages/events/new.json"
-d '{
  "event": {
    "type": "message_create",
    "message_create": {
      "target": {
        "recipient_id": "944480690"
      },
      "message_data": {
        "text": "Hello World!"
      }
    }
  }
}'

Receive a Direct Message via a webhook.

{
  "type": "message_create",
  "id": "1234858592",
  "created_timestamp": "1392078023603",
  "initiated_via": {
    "tweet_id": "123456",
    "welcome_message_id": "456789"
  },
  "message_create": {
    "target": {
      "recipient_id": "1234858592"
    },
    "sender_id": "3805104374",
    "source_app_id": "268278",
    "message_data": {
      "text": "Blue Bird",
      "entities": {
        "hashtags": [],
        "symbols": [],
        "urls": [],
        "user_mentions": [],
      },
      "quick_reply_response": {
        "type": "options",
        "metadata": "external_id_2"
      },
      "attachment": {
        "type": "media",
        "media": {
         ...
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Embed a Tweet on your website.

/* Fetch any embeddable Twitter object from the OEmbed API */

let oembedResponse = await fetch(new Request('https://publish.twitter.com/oembed?url=https://twitter.com/jack/status/20'));
let oembedTweet = oembedResponse.json();

Make a request to the oEmbed API.

{
  "url": "https://twitter.com/jack/status/20",
  "author_name": "jack",
  "author_url": "https://twitter.com/jack",
  "html": "<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\"><p lang=\"en\" dir=\"ltr\">just setting up my twttr</p>&mdash; jack (@jack) <a href=\"https://twitter.com/jack/status/20\">March 21, 2006</a></blockquote>\n<script async src=\"//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"></script>",
  "width": 550,
  "height": null,
  "type": "rich",
  "cache_age": "3153600000",
  "provider_name": "Twitter",
  "provider_url": "https://twitter.com",
  "version": "1.0"
}

This returns a JSON oEmbed response.

<article>
  <figure>
    {{{oembedTweet.html}}}
    <figcaption>Tweet by Jack Dorsey</figcaption>
  </figure>
  <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam.</p>
</article>

Output the HTML into your page.

More

Looking for more?

Here are a few places to explore.

Ready to build your solution?

Review the documentation to get started.

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